As to this idea of predestination in Protestant circles of mental speculation, we do not buy it.
Because it negates human free will. You cannot have both free will and predestination.
Here is how we see it. As Boethius (died circa 521 A.D.) wrote that God exists outside of time, it follows that He sees past, present and future all in one glance so to speak. But God’s foreknowledge (remember we are taught to believe that God is all-knowing) of what we will choose does not condition or necessitate that choice. God knows how we will freely choose, but His advance knowledge does not make us choose what we choose.
There really is no need for lengthy mental gymnastics in the Thomistic tradition.
If you choose to believe in predestination in the sense that some Protestants do – that God’s foreknowledge of how we will choose conditions that choice – then you have nullified free will, and thus robbed man of his humanity. Of course, such a view also calls into doubt God’s justice. If God is conditioning how we live our lives, then the damned could claim it is not their fault that they have been damned since they were not in control, not able to freely choose the lives they lived.
Perhaps goodly natured Christians will point out where I missed the mark here. May be the nuances of their argument escaped me.
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